Usually a career in Music Cognition—that is to say as a researcher—would require a PhD. The kinds of positions one can hold with a bachelor’s or master’s degree would typically be personnel who assist in researchers’ laboratories, such as lab managers.
Music cognition approaches the study of music as a product of human minds/brains. The field involves psychologists, music theorists, systematic musicologists, ethnomusicologists, cognitive scientists, and philosophers interested in comprehending human music-making and musicality.
The recognition and understanding of pitch and tone are mainly handled by the auditory cortex. This part of the brain also does a lot of the work to analyze a song’s melody and harmony. Some research shows that the cerebellum and prefrontal cortex contribute, too.
Neurologic Music Therapy (NMT) is an evidence-based treatment model that uses standardized, research-based techniques to treat the brain using specific elements of music such as rhythm, melody, dynamics, tempo, etc..
The Auditory Cognitive Neuroscience (ACN) Lab conducts research on hearing and speech perception, as well as the disorders (e.g., hearing loss, tinnitus) associated with them. This is done by using a combination of computational modeling, brain imaging experiments, and behavioral experiments.
Mus (Music Therapy) students need to have completed a four-year bachelor’s degree in music or in a related field (e.g. psychology, speech therapy, occupational therapy, social work or education) and need to demonstrate strong musical skills.
Ethnomusicology is the study of music in its social and cultural contexts. Ethnomusicologists examine music as a social process in order to understand not only what music is but what it means to its practitioners and audiences. Ethnomusicology is highly interdisciplinary.
Music psychology is a field of research with practical relevance for many areas, including music performance, composition, education, criticism, and therapy, as well as investigations of human attitude, skill, performance, intelligence, creativity, and social behavior.
Music cognition represents a growing research domain, bringing together behavioral, neurophysiological, theoretical, and computational perspectives, all adapting an information-processing approach to understand musical knowledge and processing.
The ability to produce and respond to music is conventionally ascribed to the right side of the brain, but processing such musical elements as pitch, tempo, and melody engages a number of areas, including some in the left hemisphere (which appears to subserve perception of rhythm).
Listening to the music you love will make your brain release more dopamine, study finds. A new study has found that dopamine — a neurotransmitter that plays an important role in our cognitive, emotional, and behavioral functioning — plays a direct role in the reward experience induced by music.
Music can be a source of pleasure and contentment, but there are many other psychological benefits as well. Music can relax the mind, energize the body, and even help people better manage pain. The notion that music can influence your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors probably does not come as much of a surprise.
Music activates just about all of the brain
The parts of the brain involved in emotion are not only activated during emotional music, they are also synchronized. Music also activates a variety of memory regions. And, interestingly, music activates the motor system.
Focusing exclusively on classical, the picture was clearer: Those who liked classical music very much had an average IQ of 107; those who had mixed feelings scored 101; and those who hated it scored 93.
Music is a field in which the word “talent” is bandied about a lot: the world is full of “talented” violinists, conductors, and rock guitarists. Obviously no one is born with the ability to play the violin; like everyone else, a talented person must learn the instrument.