This list comprises the basic elements of music as we understand them in Western culture.
Elements of music include, timbre, texture, rhythm, melody, beat, harmony structure, tempo, pitch and dynamics.
Further distinguishing characteristics of Middle Eastern and North African music include very complex rhythmic structures, generally tense vocal tone, and a monophonic texture. Traditional Middle Eastern music does not use chords, or harmony in the Western sense.
The timbre ranges from rich and warm, similar to the sound of the Western violin to nasal and penetrating, reminiscent of the sound of the rababah, a type of Arab folk fiddle.
solo songs, duets, choruses and ensembles. orchestra or band accompaniment. spoken dialogue. dance sequences, stage spectacles and magnificent costumes.
Contemporary music in the Philippines usually refers to compositions that have adopted ideas and elements from twentieth century art music in the West, as well as the latest trends and musical styles in the entertainment industry.